Naturally, you rely on your windows and other openings to ventilate and cool your house when it is hot. However, the natural cooling system may not be efficient, especially in cases where your house has been made air tight to maximise energy efficiency. In addition, the natural system can also fail to control moisture appropriately, leaving your house hot and humid. In short, the natural cooling system is unpredictable and beyond your control. Thankfully, you can fit artificial cooling systems in your house to ensure thermal comfort regardless of the shortcomings of your natural ventilation. Here are a few kinds of cooling systems you can choose:
Room-Specific Air Conditioners
There are various installation options when it comes to room air conditioners. You can mount them on the walls, windows, or in the ceiling. They are designed to cool one room, meaning that you will have to buy several units depending on the number of rooms that you want to cool.
The system uses a centrally located condenser, ductwork connecting the condenser to the individual units and the conditioning units located in each room. Essentially, room air conditioners use electric energy to collect hot air in the room you are cooling. The hot air then passes over refrigerants for cooling before moving on to the condenser. The condenser then disperses the cool air to different areas in the house though the ducts.This system is energy efficient because you will turn on the cooling system in specific rooms that you want to cool.
Central Air Conditioners
The central air conditioning system is designed to cool the whole house whenever you turn it on. The system has a compressor, often fitted outside the house because it is large. Moreover, the central air conditioning system has a coil running throughout the house. The coil contains refrigerants for cooling the warm air collected from the house. After cooling, the air is distributed throughout the house.
The central air conditioners system has one drawback. By cooling the whole house, the system uses energy even in places that do not require cooling at that time.
Evaporative coolers, also referred to as swamp coolers, are another alternative for cooling systems. They work by drawing in dry air from outside and passing it over moist pads to make it cool. The evaporative coolers also add moisture to the dry air before it is circulated in the whole house through ducts. It uses simpler and cheaper technology compared to the first two options.